Management of anemia in pregnancy

Pregnant woman have higher risk of becoming anemia. This usually caused by increase of iron requirements. The amount of blood increases by 20-30 percent during pregnancy. Iron is essential for making hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells which carries oxygen to other cells. During pregnancy, iron requirements increased significantly, in order to produce hemoglobin and to supply nutrients for developing baby and placenta.

How to prevent anemia in pregnancy?

  • Ensure balanced diet, with enough portion or serving of green vegetables daily
  • Take daily prenatal multivitamin

How to manage anemia in pregnancy?

It will depend on the hemoglobin level. Due to hemodilution effect during pregnancy (increased amount of blood), treatment of anemia during pregnancy is categorized into different level.

  • Hemoglobin 10-12 mg/dl: ferrous sulfate (or iron tablet) 325 mg daily for 2 months
  • Hemoglobin 9-10 mg/dl: ferrous sulfate 325 mg twice a day for 2 months
  • Hemoglobin 7-9 mg/dl: ferrous sulfate three times daily for 2 months
  • Hemoglobin < 7 mg/dl: may need blood transfusion.

Ensure that you take your multivitamin daily during your pregnancy, and eat a balanced diet.

If you have any health related questions or concerns, you should consult your own physician!

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